On Wednesday, a federal grand jury in Maryland indicted Thomas A. Drake, a former employee of the National Security Agency (NSA), on charges that he emailed classified NSA documents and information to Siobhan Gorman, then a reporter for the Baltimore Sun. Drake worked for the NSA first as a contractor and then as a high level employee in the NSA’s Signals Intelligence Directorate between 1991 and 2008, when he resigned following the suspension of his security clearance.
The 14-page indictment (.pdf) alleges that in 2005 Drake received Gorman’s contact information from “Person A,” an unnamed congressional staffer that had a “close, emotional friendship” with Drake. Drake allegedly obtained an anonymous email account with Hushmail and contacted Gorman to “volunteer[ ] to disclose information about NSA.”
After Gorman obtained her own Hushmail account, Gorman allegedly emailed her hundreds of times with information about the NSA and its Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) activities. Drake is also accused of smuggling classified documents out of the NSA, including his own handwritten notes, and doctoring documents so he could provide them to Gorman without the markings that identified the information as classified. Based on these emails, Gorman published a series of articles between 2006 and 2007 that federal prosecutors claim contain classified information. Drake is charged with violations of the Espionage Act, as well as lying to FBI agents, destroying evidence and obstructing the investigation of his activities.
In its press release on Thursday, the U.S. Department of Justice stated that:
As alleged, this defendant used a secret, non-government e-mail account to transmit classified and unclassified information that he was not authorized to possess or disclose. As if those allegations are not serious enough, he also allegedly later shredded documents and lied about his conduct to federal agents in order to obstruct their investigation
The federal public defender representing Drake, James Wyda, told the New York Times that “Mr. Drake loves his country. We look forward to addressing these matters in a public courtroom.”
Hushmail is an encrypted email service that allows users a certain level of anonymity. Hushmail’s website states:
Hushmail can protect you against eavesdropping, government surveillance, unauthorized content analysis, identity theft and email forgery. But using Hushmail does not put you above the law.
We are committed to the privacy of our users, and will absolutely not release user data without an order that is legally enforceable under the laws of British Columbia, Canada, which is the jurisdiction where our servers are located.
From the face of the indictment in the Drake case, it appears that the FBI and federal prosecutors managed to obtain a court order in Canada to obtain the release of Drake’s email archives.